Animal Nutrition

1. About the Department :

It is a matter of pride that nutritional work started in India at Pusa, Bihar under the stewardship of Dr. F.J.Warth. In continuation of same tradition, Bihar veterinary College, Patna was given mandate to continue the work in Animal nutrition and is functional since 1958. The department has been entrusted for human resource development besides research and extension activities. The department is known for pioneering work for in fundamental as well as applied animal nutrition. Unconventional feed and fodder found in Bihar are being evaluated for different class of animals. Use of different feed additives like probiotics and enzymes in poultry are being evaluated. The faculty is taking keen interest in training to livestock farmers, unemployed youth, veterinary officers and other personnel of the state with special emphasis on balanced feeding of animals.

2. Mandate/ Objective :

  • Teaching: UG and PG teaching on different aspect of ruminant and non-ruminants, laboratory animal nutrition including humans.
  • Research: Department is actively associated with conducting research work in area of nutrient requirement of farm animals, evaluation of unconventional feed resources, improvement of feed and fodders for animals, study of anti-nutritional factors and feed formulation of different class of farm animals.
  • Extension: This department is engaged in imparting technical knowledge regarding balanced and economic feeding of animals to livestock owner, pig and poultry farmers for efficient animal production through training programme, Kisan Mela, TV/Radio talk and training programmes.
    Training : Training to veterinary officers, paravets, unemployed youth, farmers, and extension functionaries through veterinary college, Kisan Ayoug, BAMETI, ATMA and NGOs.

3. Faculty Position :

1. Dr. Chandramoni
Univ. Professor & Chairman
09934835018 chandra.moni@yahoo.com
2. Dr. Pankaj Kumar Singh
Asstt. Professor
09470017673 vetpank@gmail.com

3.

Dr. Kaushalendra Kumar

Asstt. Professor

09709653091

drkaushalivri@gmail.com

4.

Dr. Sanjay Kumar

Asstt. Professor

08294695500

sanjayvet29@rediffmail.com

 

4. Teaching :

(i) U.G. Courses (VCI Syllabus) :

Sl. No.

Course No.

Course Title

Credit hrs.

Semester

1

ANN-111

Principles of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology

2+1=3

 

2

ANN-121

Applied Animal Nutrition-I (Ruminants)

2+1=3

 

3

ANN-221

Applied Nutrition-II (Non-ruminants, Poultry and laboratory animals)

2+1=3)

 

 

(ii) P.G. Courses (As per ICAR) :
M.V.Sc. Courses :

Sl. No.

Course No.

Course Title

Credit hrs.

1

VAN-601

Animal nutrition – energy and protein

3+0= 3

2

VAN- 602

Animal nutrition – minerals, vitamins and feed additives

3+1=4

3

VAN-603 

 Feed technology

1+1=2

4

VAN-604

Feed conservation, storage and quality control

2+2= 4

5

VAN- 605

Ruminant nutrition

2+1= 3

6

VAN-606 

Non-ruminant nutrition

1+1= 2

7

VAN-607

Nutrition of companion/laboratory, Wild and zoo animals

2+1= 3

8

VAN- 608

Research techniques in animal Nutrition

1+3= 4

9

VAN-609

Non conventional feed stuff and Toxic constituents/ antimetabolites in Animal feedstuff

2+1= 3

10

VAN-691

Master’s seminar

1+0= 1

11

ANN 699

Master’s research

20

 

Ph.D. Courses :

Sl. No.

Course No.

Course Title

Credit hrs.

1

VAN- 701

Modern concepts of feeding Ruminants and forage utilization

3+0= 3

2

VAN- 702

Modern concepts of feeding Monogastric animals

2+0=2

3

VAN- 703 

Nutrition and rumen fermentation

1+1=2

4

VAN- 704 

Advances in micronutrients

 1+0= 1

5

VAN- 705 

Advanced techniques in nutrition and Research

1+2=3

6

VAN- 706 

Advances in feed technology

1+1=2

7

VAN- 707 

Ann 707 clinical nutrition

1+1=2

8

VAN- 708 

Nutrient and drug interaction

2+0=2

9

VAN- 709

New feed resources and toxicants in Animal feeding

2+0=2

10

ANN -791

Doctoral seminar I

1+0=1

11

ANN- 792

Doctoral seminar II

1+0=1

12

ANN -799

Doctoral research

45

N.B. : A Ph.D. student may also take 600 series courses of M.V.Sc. if not studied during Master's programme.

5. Research :

(i) Post Graduate Research (Curricular) :
M.V.Sc. Degree awarded :

Sl. No.

Name of the Student

Year

Title of the thesis

1

D.N.Maitra

1962

Studies on in vitro fermentation of Bagasse and its utilization by Goats.

2

G.N.Sharma

1962

Studies on growth rate and chemical composition of blood of Tharparkar calves on two levels of protein feeding

3

K. K.Das

1966

Studies on the utilization of extra calcium, phosphorus and carotene in growing Tharparkar calves

4

T.V.L.Satya
Narayan Gupta

1967

Studies on the effect of low-protein & low-energy on the growth of Tharparkar calves

5

Mahindra Singh

1971

In vivo studies on the effect of Tannins of papal leaves and sal seeds and added tannic acid on VFA production by goats rumen micro-organisms

6

Awadhesh Kr. Triphati

1971

In vitro studies on the effect of tannins of some feeds & added tannic acid on protein degradation by goat’s rumen micro-organism.

7.

Lalla Govid Shanka

1971

Studies on the relation of serum protein bound iodine with milk production and some physiological status of animals in a Tharparkar herd.

8

Bhabha Nand Thakur

1971

Studies on some important amino acid composition of a few poultry feeds & poultry products.

9

Riyaz Ansari

1973

The influence of dietary animal and vegetable protein on the Amino acid composition and quality of the hen’s egg.

10

Amareshwar pd. Sinha

1973

“In vitro” studies on the effect of formaldehyde treatment I of protein protection of G.N. cake of linseed cake

11

Md.saniur Rahman

1975

Studies on the effect of Lysine supplementation dietary sources and levels of Protein on broiler’s performance.

12

Ravindra Bhakt

1975

Studies on the protein requirement for growth in goats

13

Anand Kishor Prasad

1975

In vivo studies on the effect of feeding formaldehyde treated linseed cake on growth in deshi goats

14

Mukesh Mishra

1976

Studies on the use of Mustard cake in the feeding of layers

15

O.P.Singh

1978

Tannins concentration and protein solubility in some feeds and fodders of livestock.

16

Chandramoni

1984

Studies on the calcium and phosphorus requirement in caged Layers.

17

R.P.Pandey

1992

Associate effect of vegetative protein sources in replacing fish meal to develop economic ration of broilers

18

Satish Kumar

1997

Protein & Energy Requirements in growing Japanese quail

19

Anup Kr. Anupam

1998

Evaluation of the sources and supplemented level of zinc with and without chelating agent on the performance of broilers

20

Mukesh Mishra

1998

Effective level of supplementation of Inorganic sulphate with & without methionine in commercial diet of broiler.

21

Suraj Bansh Thakur

2000

Influence of multienzmyme supplementation to normal and high fibre commercial diets on the performance of broilers

22

Guna Nand Pd.Singh

2000

Effect of supplementation of prodiotics and their combination in commercial broilers diet on the performance of broilers.

23

Bharti Singh

2000

Effect of processing method with particular reference to solvent extraction and pelleting on in vitro protein degradation and pepsin digestion in some vegetable proteins

24

Subodh Kr.

2000

Effect of varied dietary energy and protein levels on the performance of growing Cockerel

25

Kanchana

2001

Comparative effect of feeding milo and some millets with and without dietary enzyme as replacer of corn in Broiler ration

26

Sanjeev Kumar

2001

Evaluation of full fat soya in various dietary combinations as replacer of fishmeal in broiler ration

27

Zonunsanghi

2001

Studies on the effect of Replacement of Maize with pearl millet with or without enzymes  in Broilers

28

Purushottam Kr.Manjhi

2002

Studies on “Requirement of energy of Protein in diff. phases of growth in growing cockerel”

29

Harish Kumar

2003

Effect of dietary Probiotics on the performance of cockerel

30

Shankar Singh

2003

Effect of dietary multi-enzyme in normal and high fibrous diets on the performance of Cockerel

31

Shiv Shankar Kumar

2003

Replacement of fishmeal with vegetable protein sources in Cockerel ration

32

Prakash Chandra Himashu

2004

Effect of replacement of fish meal by full fat soya on the performance of cockerel

33

F.I.Shad

2004

Effect of different levels of dietary protein on the performance of cockerel

34

Shambhu Nath

2005

Studies on effect of replacement of maize with Bajra in normal ration with or without enzyme on the performance of Cockerel

35

Jyotindra Narayan

2006

Nutritional evaluation of Jhunjhuna (trema spp.) Leaves as a fodder for goats

36

Lakshmi Kant

2006

Studies on utilization of diammonium phosphate without and with tonophore in broilers

37

Nanad Kishor Prasad

2006

Studies on the effect of some of the growth promoters on the performance of broilers

38

Deepak Kumar Chaurasia

2007

Studies on the effect of feeding different calcium sources on the performance of commercial broiler chicken

39

Mithilesh Kumar

2008

Studies on inclusion of mango seed kernel in broiler ration

40

Latesh Kumar

2009

Effect of feeding probiotics on the performance ad immunity of broilers

41

Anjani Kumar

2010

Studies on the effect of feeding different levels of jute seed cake on the performance of broiler chicken

42

Manoj Kumar Toni

2011

Studies on cholesterol lowering effects of herbs/spices in broiler chicken

 

(ii) Research project :
Ongoing research Projects :

Sl. No.

Title of the Project

Funding Agency

1

Complete feed block for Sustainable Animal Production in Bihar

BAU, Sabour

 

(iii) Research Achievements :

Since inception Department of Animal Nutrition has been involved in different aspect of Animal Nutrition. Salient findings are as follows :

  • Protein and energy Nutrition Protein nutrition of different animals has been studied. Protein and energy requirement of Goats, Japanese quail and Cockerel has been estimated and recommended accordingly. Effect of essential amino acid, critical amino acid like lysine on productivity of animal was also studied.
  • Mineral Nutrition : Calcium and Phosphorus requirement of layers were studied. Utilization of zinc in broiler was found to better with chelating agent. Role of iodine in milk production was also studies and it was observed that iodine content in the serum might affect milk production.
  • Feed additive : Several studies on feed additive were also studied in broilers and cockerels. Dietary probiotics improved productivity. Influence of chlorotetracycline changed the pattern of rumen VFA production and carotene destruction. Antibiotic as feed additive like teramycin in layers showed beneficial results.
  • Unconventional feed resource : Use of sugarcane baggase in goat`s diet and incorporation of Mustard cake to the layers diets studied. Millet replaced maize well in poultry diets and full fat soyabean may replace fish meal in poultry diet. Nutritional evaluation of jhnujhuna leaves as a fodder for goat has been done for the first time in India.
  • Anti-nutritional Factors : Tannin concentration of different feed and fodder (particularly that of banyan and papal leaves) was reported. Delignification and digestibility of roughages was also studied.
  • Plane of nutrition : Studies on the effect of different plane of nutrition on the growth of Tharparkar calves was studied.
  • Clinical Nutrition : Different herbs/spices were screened for cholesterol lowering effect in broiler chicken. It was found that garlic is beneficial in lowering blood cholesterol whereas coriander decreases muscles cholesterol.

6. Extension :

Extension is an important dimension of the department. This department is engaged in imparting technical knowledge regarding balanced and economic feeding of animals to livestock owner, pig and poultry farmers for efficient animal production for efficient animal production through training programme, Kisan Mela, TV/Radio talk and training programmes. Farmers are advised regarding nutritional disorders, and nutritional management during drought and floods. There is also active participation through mass media, TV/radio talk, farmers fair etc. Lastly feed evaluation is also being done to help farmers to get maximum return from livestock. To sum up, following are the extension activity of the department :

a. Training to veterinary officers, paravets, unemployed youth, farmers, and extension functionaries through veterinary college, Kisan Ayoug, BAMETI, ATMA and NGOs.
b. Providing feed formulation for different class of animal to the farmers
c. Extending technical help to feed industry.

7. No. of Publications :

Research: 113 Extension: 35 Books/Manuals: 5

8. Facilities :

(i). Feed Evaluation laboratory
(ii). Energy Evaluation Laboratory
(iii). Clinical Nutrition Laboratory
(iv). Complete Feed Block making machine

9. Seminar /Symposium organized :

Nil

10. Any Other information :

N.A.